I have red gums.

Characteristics & what to look for

Healthy gums appear light pink in color, although certain ethnicities can have a natural brown color or pigment to the gums. Redness in the gums is typically found close to the gumline and in the gum between teeth. Red gums may also appear puffy or enlarged and bleed easily.

Similar and related Symptoms

Red gums may also be a sign of mouth breathing, allergies or various systemic diseases.

Causes of the symptom and effects

Red gums are typically caused by inflammation and irritation by bacterial plaque. Red gums can be sore to the touch or bleed during brushing or flossing. If your gums are frequently bleeding you should also read about bleeding gums.

What you can do at home to help ease the symptoms

Unlike typical sores on your body that should be left alone to heal, red gums actually require more attention. Bleeding may occur, but once plaque is removed with brushing and flossing, red gums can resolve on their own within a few weeks.

Treatment and how we can help

If the redness in your gums does not improve within a few weeks of improved home care, we are happy to consult with you to determine if additional professional care is needed.

Long term effects if left untreated and negative progression

If left untreated, red gums can progress to irreversible gum disease (periodontal disease) and can cause bone loss around your teeth. Gum recession can also occur leading to tooth sensitivity and mobility as well as serious infection or hospitalization.